The cat (Felis catus) is a domestic species of small carnivorous mammal. It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and is often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from the wild members of the family. A cat can either be a house cat, a farm cat or a feral cat; the latter ranges freely and avoids human contact. Domestic cats are valued by humans for companionship.
Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing approximately seven species (depending upon classification scheme).(1)(27) Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. silvestris silvestris), African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Chinese mountain cat.
Higher classification: Felis Lower classifications: Korat, Cymric, British Semi-longhai his article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). Page semi-protected Domestic cat(1) Conservation status Domesticated Scientific.Felis catus can be found on every continent except Antarctica, generally in human populated areas. This species can be found on a large number islands as well. Their nearly global distribution can be attributed their domestication by humans; however, there is a large global feral population as well.The family Felidae, to which all living feline species belong, arose about ten to eleven million years ago.This family is divided into eight major phylogenetic lineages. The domestic cat is a member of the Felis lineage. A number of investigations have shown that all domestic varieties of cats come from a single species of the Felis lineage, Felis catus.
The biological classification of the cat is Felidae. This family includes the domesticated cat as well as all other larger cats, including the tiger, leopard, and cheetah.Read More
The Felis lineage consists of six small wild cats in the Felis genus as well as the domestic cat (Felis catus). Except for the Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), all the other species in this group weigh less than ten kilograms, and the Black-footed Cat (Felis nigripes) is generally regarded as the second smallest cat of all the Felidae species.Common characteristics of the Felis genus include high.Read More
Domestic cats (Felis catus) and dogs (Canis familiaris) are the most popular companion animals; worldwide, over 600 million cats live with humans 1, and in some countries their number equals or.Read More
Comments: Also see comments under Felis and Felis silvestris. Synonyms allocated according to Pocock (1951) and should be considered provisional. There has been almost universal use of F. catus for the domestic cat and silvestris for wild cats.Read More
For example, the domestic cat is known as Felis catus. Although the genus name can be used on its own (there are several other species in genus Felis, for instance the wildcat, Felis silvestris), the species name never appears on its own. The basic rule for writing a scientific name. Use both genus and species name: Felis catus.Read More
Classification. Domain: Eukarya Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Felis Species: Felis catus The cat belongs in the Domain Eukarya because their cells have a nucleus and membrane- bound organelles. As a member of the kingdom Animalia, locomotion is a distinct characteristic.Read More
Cat, (Felis catus), also called house cat or domestic cat, domesticated member of the family Felidae, order Carnivora, and the smallest member of that family. Like all felids, domestic cats are characterized by supple low-slung bodies, finely molded heads, long tails that aid in balance, and specialized teeth and claws that adapt them admirably to a life of active hunting.Read More
NCBI Organism Classification Felis catus Biological Process regulation of cardiac muscle contraction Cellular Component actomyosin, actin part. Figure 427 from Chapter 16 (Cytoplasmic matrix and cytoskeleton) of 'The Cell, 2nd Ed.' by Don W. Fawcett M.D. Papillary muscle of cat heart shows the cross-banded organization of striated muscle.Read More
The same commission ruled that the domestic cat is a distinct taxon Felis catus. It was considered F. silvestris catus, a subspecies of the European wildcat in 2007, following results of phylogenetic research. In 2017, the IUCN Cat Classification Taskforce followed the recommendation of the ICZN in regarding the domestic cat as a distinct species.Read More